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201 AN UNUSUAL AGATE 'SQUIRREL AND CRANE' SNUFF BOTTLE
18TH CENTURY

201 AN UNUSUAL AGATE 'SQUIRREL AND CRANE' SNUFF BOTTLE
18TH CENTURY

H6cm

EXHIBITED
The Jade - Carving Art in The Ch'ing Dynasty
National Museum of History, Taipei, 27 January to 26 February 1990
Suid-Afrikaanse Kultuurhistoriese Museum, Transvaal Museum, South Africa, 16 May to 12 August 1991
National Museum of History, Taipei, 23 May to 5 July 1992
Musées royaux d'Art et d'Histoire, Belgium, 21 October 1992 to 3 January 1993
Museum Reich der Kristalle, Germany, 4 February to 31 May 1993
Östasiatiska Museet, Sweden, 16 June to 12 September 1993
Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, France, 26 October 1993 to 25 March 1994
Museum für Völkerkunde, Austria, 5 May to 10 July 1994
Bowers Museum of Cultural Art, Houston Museum of Natural Science, USA, September 1997 to 1998
Universe in a Bottle: Treasures of Snuff Bottles
National Museum of History, Taipei, 29 August to 26 October 2008
LITERATURE
The Jade - Carving Art in The Ch'ing Dynasty, National Museum of History, Taipei, 1996, p. 172
Universe in a Bottle: Treasures of Snuff Bottles, National Museum of History, Taipei, 2008, p. 127

Estimates

TWD
100,000-120,000
USD
3,600-4,300
HKD
27,800-33,300
RMB
23,260-27,910
十八世紀 瑪瑙巧雕豐衣足食鼻煙壺
2021 AUTUMN AUCTIONS
Auction
Sunday, 26 December 2021 2:00pm
Venue
No. 1, Sec. 1, Nanchang Rd., Zhongzheng Dist., Taipei, Taiwan
Preview
18-24 December 10:00am-6:00pm
25 December 10:00am-4:00pm
Venue
7F., No. 15, Sec. 2, Chongqing S. Rd., Zhongzheng Dist., Taipei, Taiwan
Bid Online

Contact:
+886-2-2358-1881
art@yu-jen.tw
 

Lot Overview

清代,隨著吸聞鼻煙的風潮興起,專門盛放鼻煙的器具應運而生,鼻煙壺成為中國微型藝術的代表之一。其器型繁多,圖案豐富,工藝極為精巧,使用材料多種多樣,每件鼻煙壺都透過不同的圖案紋樣來表達各種美好寓意。

自古以來,色彩斑斕的瑪瑙便是古人作玉時的重要材料之一。高檔瑪瑙多來自西域,不僅稀有,且帶強烈異國色彩,倍受皇室及貴族青睞。魏文帝曹丕曰:「瑪瑙,玉屬也。出自西域,紋理交錯,有似馬腦,故其方人因以名之。」瑪瑙製作工藝十分複雜,需經過選料、畫樣、鋸料、打眼、掏膛、做坯、磨光、琢紋、拋光等數十道工序。且其質性脆,韌性差,工藝技術要求較高。

瑪瑙顏色有黃、紅、棕、黑等色。其中黃褐色瑪瑙常含有棕黑等各色雜質,適合巧雕,製作者根據材料的天然紋樣設計畫面,將雜質或瑕疵部分巧妙地雕刻成人物或花鳥等各種紋飾,顏色對比鮮明,形象生動逼真,產生巧奪天工的妙趣。如本次編號202十八世紀〈瑪瑙巧雕貓憩圖鼻煙壺〉,巧將黃赭色部分雕琢為貓,形象鮮活,藝術巧思令人讚嘆。

另有一種「影子瑪瑙」,採其本身天然紋理,自然組成圖畫或意象,形同潑墨寫意畫,隨勢取形,自然成景,頗富韻味。清代江寧府江寧縣志記載:「瑪瑙澗五色文石,有雲霞草木人物鳥獸之狀,甚至字畫天然,一石數金。邑人以山為市。」此種意趣渾然天成的瑪瑙在清代已頗受關注,且身價不菲。

瑪瑙質,直口,豐肩,壺身飽滿,橢圓形足,掏膛規整細膩。利用瑪瑙天然色層,俏色巧作松鼠及松果,松鼠攀爬於松枝上欲摘取豐碩飽滿的松果,畫面蘊含豐收之意。松、松果有「生產」、「多子延綿」,祈求「五穀豐收」的吉祥隱。另面透色清潤如月牙白,瑪瑙褐色處刻雙鶴昂首高鳴,工寫結,畫面雅逸。鶴為羽族之長,又稱「一品鳥」,取其涵義「仙風道骨」、「清高而隱居」,用以讚揚品德高尚的賢能之士。

拍場相似之例可參見中國嘉德2013 年5 月13 日,編號3376,清〈蘇作瑪瑙漁樂圖煙壺〉(圖一),與本品皆以瑪瑙為材,雕刻精湛,顯露匠人的絕妙巧思。
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